Journal article

Cultivating expertise in informal reasoning

T van Gelder, M Bissett, G Cumming

Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology | CANADIAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC | Published : 2004

Abstract

People generally develop some degree of competence in general informal reasoning and argument skills, but how do they go beyond this to attain higher expertise? Ericsson has proposed that high-level expertise in a variety of domains is cultivated through a specific type of practice, referred to as "deliberate practice." Applying this framework yields the empirical hypothesis that high-level expertise in informal reasoning is the outcome of extensive, deliberate practice. This paper reports results from two studies evaluating the hypothesis. University student participants completed 12 weeks of deliberate practice in informal reasoning. Quantity of practice was recorded by computer, and addit..

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University of Melbourne Researchers