Book Chapter

Kawasaki disease and toxic shock syndrome - At last the etiology is clear?

N Curtis

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology | KLUWER ACADEMIC/PLENUM PUBL | Published : 2004


A decade after the superantigen hypothesis for KD was first suggested, it has still not been either proven or refuted conclusively. Although initial optimism for the hypothesis was quashed by a series of published papers apparently refuting the idea, in the last few years there have been a number of good studies providing evidence in support of the superantigen hypothesis. Whether this renewed enthusiasm is justified will hopefully become clear in the near future. Ultimately, accurate diagnosis, more targeted treatment, and preventative strategies depend on the unraveling of the immunopathogenesis of this disease.