Journal article

Rotationally optimal spanning and Steiner trees in uniform orientation metrics

M Brazil, BK Nielsen, P Winter, M Zachariasen

COMPUTATIONAL GEOMETRY-THEORY AND APPLICATIONS | ELSEVIER | Published : 2004

Abstract

We consider the problem of finding a minimum spanning and Steiner tree for a set of n points in the plane where the orientations of edge segments are restricted to λ uniformly distributed orientations, λ=2,3,4,..., and where the coordinate system can be rotated around the origin by an arbitrary angle. The most important cases with applications in VLSI design arise when λ=2 or λ=4. In the former, so-called rectilinear case, the edge segments have to be parallel to one of the coordinate axes, and in the latter, so-called octilinear case, the edge segments have to be parallel to one of the coordinate axes or to one of the lines making 45° with the coordinate axes (so-called diagonals). As the c..

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