Journal article

Donor electron wave functions for phosphorus in silicon: Beyond effective-mass theory

CJ Wellard, LCL Hollenberg

PHYSICAL REVIEW B | AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOC | Published : 2005

Abstract

We calculate the electronic wave function for a phosphorus donor in silicon by numerical diagonalization of the donor Hamiltonian in the basis of the pure crystal Bloch functions. The Hamiltonian is calculated at discrete points localized around the conduction band minima in the reciprocal lattice space. Such a technique goes beyond the approximations inherent in the effective-mass theory, and can be modified to include the effects of altered donor impurity potentials and externally applied electrostatic potentials, as well as the effects of lattice strain. Modification of the donor impurity potential allows the experimentally known low-lying energy spectrum to be reproduced with good agreem..

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University of Melbourne Researchers