Journal article

The environmental effects of New Zealand's free-market reforms

J Barnett, J Pauling

Environment, Development and Sustainability | Published : 2005


This paper explains one way in which New Zealand's free-market reforms have adversely affected its environment. Liberalisation of New Zealand's economy has radically changed the determinants of agricultural export success, largely due to the elimination of subsidies to domestic producers, and of tariffs on imports. In this exposed agricultural milieu, the dairy industry has thrived; cow numbers have increased by over 50%, with commensurate increases in herd and farm sizes. With this rapid expansion has come increasing pollution of New Zealand's waterways. New Zealand's Resource Management Act 1991 is potentially capable of controlling these adverse effects; however, its implementation was sl..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers

Citation metrics