Journal article

Self-discrepancies and negative affect: A primer on when to look for specificity, and how to find it

JM Boldero, MM Moretti, RC Bell, JJ Francis

AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY | AUSTRALIAN PSYCHOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2005

Abstract

Abstract There is substantial evidence that discrepancies within the self-system produce emotional distress. However, whether specific types of discrepancy are related to different types of negative affect remains contentious. At the heart of self-discrepancy theory (SDT: Higgins, 1987, 1989) is the assumption that different types of discrepancies are related to distinctive emotional states, with discrepancies between the actual and ideal selves being uniquely related to dejection-related emotion and discrepancies between the actual and ought selves being uniquely related to agitation-related emotion. Research examining this proposition has demonstrated that the magnitudes of these discrepan..

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