Journal article

C-terminal Src kinase (CSK) and CSK-homologous kinase (CHK)-endogenous negative regulators of Src-family protein kinases

YP Chong, TD Mulhern, HC Cheng

Growth Factors | TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2005

Abstract

C-terminal Src kinase (CSK) and CSK-homologous kinase (CHK) are endogenous inhibitors of the Src-family protein tyrosine kinases (SFKs). Since constitutive activation of SFKs contributes to cancer formation and progression, to prevent excessive activation of SFKs, their activity in normal cells is kept at the basal level by CSK and CHK. CSK and CHK inactivate SFKs by specifically phosphorylating a consensus tyrosine (called Y(T)) near their C-termini. Upon phosphorylation, the phospho-Y(T) engages in intramolecular interactions that lock the SFK molecule in an inactive conformation. SFKs are anchored to the plasma membrane, while CSK and CHK are localized predominantly in the cytosol. To inh..

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