Journal article

SHI: A novel, spherical halovirus isolated from an Australian hypersaline lake

K Porter, P Kukkaro, JKH Bamford, C Bath, HM Kivela, ML Dyall-Smith, DH Bamford

Virology | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2005

Abstract

A novel halovirus, SH1, with a spherical morphology is described. Isolated from a hypersaline lake, SH1 is divalent, producing clear plaques on Haloarcula hispanica and a natural Halorubrum isolate. Single-step growth curves gave a latent period of 5-6 h and a burst size of around 200 PFU/cell. The host can differentiate to form tight clusters of thick cell-walled forms, and these were shown to be resistant to infection. Purified virions had no visible tail, were about 70 nm in diameter, and displayed a fragile outer capsid layer, possibly with an underlying membrane component. The structural proteins of the virion were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and several were found to be cross-linked, forming ..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers