Journal article

Psychopathology following trauma: The role of subjective experience

M Creamer, AC McFarlane, P Burgess

Journal of Affective Disorders | ELSEVIER | Published : 2005


BACKGROUND: The DSM-IV definition of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) widened the stressor criterion to include objective (A1) and subjective (A2) components. The prevalence of Criterion A2, and its association with traumatic memory and psychopathology, was examined in a large community sample. METHOD: The presence of Criterion A2 and traumatic memories, as well as DSM-IV anxiety, affective and substance use disorders, were examined in a community sample of 6104 adults with a history of traumatic exposure. RESULTS: Most individuals met Criterion A2 (76%), with higher prevalence in females (81%) than males (69%). A2 was more common following certain traumas (such as assaultive violence). ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers