Journal article

The myocardial and vascular effects of bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, and ropivacaine using pressure volume loops

CF Royse, AG Royse

Anesthesia and Analgesia | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2005


Ropivacaine and levobupivacaine were developed to reduce the risk of fatal accidental overdose reported with bupivacaine. The myocardial depressant potential of these drugs in sublethal dosage is unknown. Pressure volume loops can be used to separate myocardial from vascular effects. We acquired dose-response curves to incremental infusions in seven anesthetized, open-chest New Zealand white rabbits in each of bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, ropivacaine, and saline control groups. Simultaneous high-fidelity left ventricular pressure and volume data were acquired during caval occlusion with a combined conductance-pressure catheter inserted via an apical stab. Measurements of contractility (V(10..

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