Journal article

Modelling oxygen diffusion and cell growth in a porous, vascularising scaffold for soft tissue engineering applications

TI Croll, S Gentz, K Mueller, M Davidson, AJ O'Connor, GW Stevens, JJ Cooper-White

Chemical Engineering Science | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2005

Abstract

Soft tissue engineering presents significant challenges compared to other tissue engineering disciplines such as bone, cartilage or skin engineering. The very high cell density in most soft tissues, often combined with large implant dimensions, means that the supply of oxygen is a critical factor in the success or failure of a soft tissue scaffold. A model is presented for oxygen diffusion in a 15-60 mm diameter dome-shaped scaffold fed by a blood vessel loop at its base. This model incorporates simple models for vascular growth, cell migration and the effect of cell density on the effective oxygen diffusivity. The model shows that the dynamic, homogeneous cell seeding method often employed ..

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