Journal article

Sex steroids modulate human aortic smooth muscle cell matrix protein deposition and matrix metalloproteinase expression

AK Natoli, TL Medley, AA Ahimastos, BG Drew, DJ Thearle, RJ Dilley, BA Kingwell

Hypertension | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2005

Abstract

Large artery stiffening increases cardiovascular risk and promotes isolated systolic hypertension which is more prevalent in elderly women than men. Variation in sex steroid levels between males and females and throughout life may modulate arterial stiffness. We hypothesized that sex steroids directly influence expression of important structural proteins which determine arterial biomechanical properties. Human aortic smooth muscle cells were incubated with physiological concentrations of 17beta-estradiol, progesterone, 17beta-estradiol and progesterone, or testosterone for 4 weeks. Collagen, elastin, and fibrillin-1 deposition was examined (histochemistry/immunohistochemistry). Gene and prot..

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