Journal article

Matrix metalloproteinases are not essential for aggrecan turnover during normal skeletal growth and development

CB Little, CT Meeker, RM Hembry, NA Sims, KE Lawlor, SB Golub, K Last, AJ Fosang

MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2005

Abstract

The growth plate is a transitional region of cartilage and highly diversified chondrocytes that controls long bone formation. The composition of growth plate cartilage changes markedly from the epiphysis to the metaphysis, notably with the loss of type II collagen, concomitant with an increase in MMP-13; type X collagen; and the C-propeptide of type II collagen. In contrast, the fate of aggrecan in the growth plate is not clear: there is biosynthesis and loss of aggrecan from hypertrophic cartilage, but the mechanism of loss is unknown. All matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) cleave aggrecan between amino acids N341 and F342 in the proteinase-sensitive interglobular domain (IGD), and MMPs in th..

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