Journal article

External factors in the development of cataract

L Robman, H Taylor

Eye | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2005


AIMS: To provide an update on the risk factors for cataract development. METHODS: Review of the literature. RESULTS: Age and heredity are the most important risk factors associated with the different types of cataract. While the hereditary component is self-explanatory, increasing age serves as a surrogate for a number of potential external risk factors, the effect of which is cumulative. Identification of the risk factors that have a causal effect on cataract development may provide means for cataract prevention. There are only a few risk factors that satisfy the criteria for causal effect: smoking, which results in the increased risk of nuclear cataract, excessive UV-B exposure and diabete..

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