Journal article

Sustainable urban transport in Pakistan: threats and opportunities

M Imran, N Low

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal | Published : 2005


Purpose The purpose of the paper is to explore this phenomenon, how initial choice in the history of transport policy in Pakistan became “locked into” suboptimal transport policies biased towards private vehicles and roads and now resisting change to a more sustainable transport policy. Design/methodology/approach The methodology was designed by applying the concept of “path dependence” on a case study of Pakistan. This approach helped to locate the “critical juncture” for explaining how transport decision has been made over time and on which basis. Findings Pakistan transport development, including urban transport planning, has become both “resource dependent” and “path dependent” upon inte..

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