Journal article

A review of protein structure and gene organisation for proteins associated with mineralised tissue and calcium phosphate stabilisation encoded on human chromosome 4

NL Huq, KJ Cross, M Ung, EC Reynolds

Archives of Oral Biology | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2005


Several proteins associated with mineralised tissue (teeth and bone) or involved in calcium phosphate stabilisation in the body fluids, milk and saliva have been mapped to the q arm of human chromosome 4. These include the dentine/bone proteins dentine sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), dentine matrix protein 1 (DMP1), bone sialoprotein (BSP), matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein, osteopontin (OPN), enamelin, ameloblastin, milk caseins, salivary statherin, and proline-rich proteins. The proposed function of those that are multiphosphorylated is: (i) the stabilisation of calcium phosphate in solution (e.g. casein, statherin) preventing spontaneous precipitation and seeded-crystal growth or (ii) ..

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