Journal article

Breaking the cycle? The effect of education on welfare receipt among children of welfare recipients

Michael B Coelli, David A Green, William P Warburton

JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS | ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA | Published : 2007

Abstract

We examine the impact of high school graduation on the probability individuals from welfare backgrounds use welfare themselves. Our data consist of administrative educational records for grade 12 students in a Canadian province linked with their own and their parents' welfare records. We address potential endogeneity problems by: 1) controlling for ability using past test scores; 2) using an instrument for graduation based on school principal fixed effects; and 3) using a Heckman-Singer type unobserved heterogeneity estimator. Graduation would reduce the probability of welfare receipt of drop-outs by 1/2 to 3/4. Effects are larger for individuals from troubled family backgrounds and low inco..

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University of Melbourne Researchers