Journal article

Frequency modulation atomic force microscopy: a dynamic measurement technique for biological systems

MJ Higgins, CK Riener, T Uchihashi, JE Sader, R McKendry, SP Jarvis

Nanotechnology | IOP PUBLISHING LTD | Published : 2005

Abstract

Frequency modulation atomic force microscopy (FM-AFM) has been modified to operate in a liquid environment within an atomic force microscope specifically designed for investigating biological samples. We demonstrate the applicability of FM-AFM to biological samples using the spectroscopy mode to measure the unbinding forces of a single receptor-ligand (biotin-avidin) interaction. We show that quantitative adhesion force measurements can only be obtained provided certain modifications are made to the existing theory, which is used to convert the detected frequency shifts to an interaction force. Quantitative force measurements revealed that the unbinding forces for the biotin-avidin interacti..

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University of Melbourne Researchers