Journal article

Measurement error: Implications for diagnosis and discrepancy models of developmental dyslexia

SM Cotton, DP Crewther, SG Crewther

DYSLEXIA | WILEY | Published : 2005

Abstract

The diagnosis of developmental dyslexia (DD) is reliant on a discrepancy between intellectual functioning and reading achievement. Discrepancy-based formulae have frequently been employed to establish the significance of the difference between 'intelligence' and 'actual' reading achievement. These formulae, however, often fail to take into consideration test reliability and the error associated with a single test score. This paper provides an illustration of the potential effects that test reliability and measurement error can have on the diagnosis of dyslexia, with particular reference to discrepancy models. The roles of reliability and standard error of measurement (SEM) in classic test th..

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University of Melbourne Researchers