Journal article

Respiratory illness during winter: A cohort study of urban children from temperate Australia

SB Lambert, KF O'Grady, SH Gabriel, TM Nolan

JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRICS AND CHILD HEALTH | WILEY | Published : 2005

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the epidemiology and burden of respiratory illness during winter in urban children from temperate Australia. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of healthy Melbourne children, aged from 12 to 71 months. Parents kept a daily respiratory symptom diary and recorded resource use when an influenza-like illness (ILI) occurred. RESULTS: One-hundred and eighteen children had 137 ILI episodes over 12 weeks for a rate of 0.53 ILI episodes per child-month (95% CI 0.44-0.61). Risk factors for ILI included younger age, fewer people residing in the household, structured exposure to other children outside the home, and a higher household income. Episodes had a mean duration of 10.4 d..

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University of Melbourne Researchers