Journal article

Investigation of nanoscale electrohydrodynamic transport phenomena in charged porous materials

P Pivonka, D Smith

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING | JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD | Published : 2005

Abstract

Depending on the permeability of porous materials, different mass transport mechanisms have to be distinguished. Whereas mass transport through porous media characterized by low permeabilities is governed by diffusion, mass transport through highly permeable materials is governed by advection. Additionally a large number of porous materials are characterized by the presence of surface charge which affects the permeability of the porous medium. Depending on the ion transport mechanism various phenomena such as co-ion exclusion, development of diffusion-exclusion potentials, and streaming potentials may be encountered. Whereas these various phenomena are commonly described by means of differen..

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