Journal article

The spectrum of practice in the diagnosis and management of pneumonia in patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Australian and New Zealand practice in intensive care (ANZPIC II)

RJ Boots, J Lipman, R Bellomo, D Stephens, RE Heller

ANAESTHESIA AND INTENSIVE CARE | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2005

Abstract

This study of ventilated patients investigated current clinical practice in 476 episodes of pneumonia (48% community-acquired pneumonia, 24% hospital-acquired pneumonia, 28% ventilator-associated pneumonia) using a prospective survey in 14 intensive care units (ICUs) within Australia and New Zealand. Diagnostic methods and confidence, disease severity, microbiology and antibiotic use were assessed. All pneumonia types had similar mortality (community-acquired pneumonia 33%, hospital-acquired pneumonia 37% and ventilator-associated pneumonia 24%, P=0.15) with no inter-hospital differences (P=0.08-0.91). Bronchoscopy was performed in 26%, its use predicted by admission hospital (one tertiary: ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers