Journal article

Dominant collagen VI mutations are a common cause of Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy

NL Baker, M Morgelin, R Peat, N Goemans, KN North, JF Bateman, SR Lamande

HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2005

Abstract

Mutations in the three collagen VI genes COL6A1, COL6A2 and COL6A3 cause Bethlem myopathy and Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD). UCMD, a severe disorder characterized by congenital muscle weakness, proximal joint contractures and marked distal joint hyperextensibility, has been considered a recessive condition, and homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations have been defined in COL6A2 and COL6A3. In contrast, the milder disorder Bethlem myopathy shows clear dominant inheritance and is caused by heterozygous mutations in COL6A1, COL6A2 and COL6A3. This model, where dominant mutations cause mild Bethlem myopathy and recessive mutations cause severe UCMD was recently challenged wh..

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