Journal article

Relation between age, femoral neck cortical stability, and hip fracture risk

PM Mayhew, CD Thomas, JG Clement, N Loveridge, TJ Beck, W Bonfield, CJ Burgoyne, J Reeve



BACKGROUND: Hip fracture risk rises 100 to 1000-fold over 60 years of ageing. Loss of resistance to bending is not a major feature of normal ageing of the femoral neck. Another cause of fragility is local buckling or elastic instability. Bones adapt to their local experience of mechanical loading. The suggestion that bipedalism allows thinning of the underloaded superolateral femoral neck cortex arises from the failure of walking to transmit much mechanical load to this region. We aimed to measure whether elastic instability increases greatly with age since it might trigger hip fracture in a sideways fall. METHODS: We measured with computed tomography the distribution of bone in the mid-femo..

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