Journal article

Maternal valproate dosage and foetal malformations

FJE Vajda, MJ Eadie

ACTA NEUROLOGICA SCANDINAVICA | BLACKWELL PUBLISHING | Published : 2005

Abstract

OBJECTIVE- To study the possible dose dependence of the foetal malformation rate after exposure to sodium valproate in pregnancy METHODS- Analysis of records of all foetuses in the Australian Registry of Antiepileptic Drugs in Pregnancy exposed to valproate, to carbamazepine, lamotrigine or phenytoin in the absence of valproate, and to no antiepileptic drugs. RESULTS- The foetal malformation rate was higher (P<0.05) in the 110 foetuses exposed to valproate alone (17.1%), and in the 165 exposed to valproate, whether alone or together with the other antiepileptic drugs (15.2%), than in the 297 exposed to the other drugs without valproate (2.4%). It was also higher (P<0.10) than in the 40 not e..

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