Journal article

His1 and His2 are distantly related, spindle-shaped haloviruses belonging to the novel virus group, Salterprovirus

Carolyn Bath, Tania Cukalac, Kate Porter, Michael L Dyall-Smith

VIROLOGY | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2006

Abstract

Spindle-shaped viruses are a dominant morphotype in hypersaline waters but their molecular characteristics and their relationship to other archaeal viruses have not been determined. Here, we describe the isolation, characteristics and genome sequence of His2, a spindle-shaped halovirus, and compare it to the previously reported halovirus His1. Their particle dimensions, host-ranges and buoyant densities were found to be similar but they differed in their stabilities to raised temperature, low salinity and chloroform. The genomes of both viruses were linear dsDNA, of similar size (His1, 14,464 bp; His2, 16,067 bp) and mol% G+C (approximately 40%), with long, inverted terminal repeat sequences..

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University of Melbourne Researchers