Continuous positive airway pressure reduces daytime sleepiness in mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnoea: a meta-analysis.
NS Marshall, M Barnes, N Travier, AJ Campbell, RJ Pierce, RD McEvoy, AM Neill, PH Gander
Thorax | Published : 2006
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) affects an estimated 2-4% of the middle aged population. Meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials have shown that the severe presentation of the syndrome (apnoea hypopnoea index (AHI) >30/hour) is effectively treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Until recently there have been insufficient data to determine whether CPAP improves sleepiness in the larger subgroup with mild to moderate OSAS (AHI 5-30/hour). METHODS: A systematic search of Medline and a hand search identified seven randomised controlled trials where CPAP was compared with either a placebo or with conservative management in the treatment of mild to mode..View full abstract