Journal article

The cognitive and academic benefits of music to children: Facts and fiction

R Črnčec, SJ Wilson, M Prior

Educational Psychology | Published : 2006


There is considerable interest in the potential nonmusical cognitive and academic benefits of music listening and instruction to children. This report describes three lines of research relevant to this issue, namely, the effects of: (1) focused music listening on subsequent task performance (the Mozart effect); (2) music instruction; and (3) background music listening. Research suggests that while Mozart effect studies have attracted considerable media attention, the effect cannot be reliably demonstrated in children. In contrast, music instruction confers consistent benefits for spatiotemporal reasoning skills; however, improvements in associated academic domains, such as arithmetic, have n..

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University of Melbourne Researchers