Journal article

Homeobox gene ESX1L expression is decreased in human pre-term idiopathic fetal growth restriction

Padma Murthi, Vicki L Doherty, Joanne M Said, Susan Donath, Shaun P Brennecke, Bill Kalionis

MOLECULAR HUMAN REPRODUCTION | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2006

Abstract

Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a clinically significant pregnancy disorder in which the fetus fails to achieve its full growth potential in utero. This study involved idiopathic FGR, which is frequently associated with placental dysfunction. Here, we investigated mRNA levels of the human placental homeobox gene ESX1L in pre-term and term idiopathic FGR pregnancies compared with gestation-matched controls. Real-time PCR quantitation showed ESX1L levels in control placentae decreased between pre-term and term [0.7 +/- 0.20 (27-35 weeks, n = 13) versus 0.2 +/- 0.06 (36-41 weeks, n = 12), t-test, P < 0.005]. ESX1L levels in FGR-affected placentae were significantly lower than in gestation-mat..

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