Journal article

The role of growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor and somatostatin in diabetic retinopathy

Jennifer L Wilkinson-Berka, Christopher Wraight, George Werther

CURRENT MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY | BENTHAM SCIENCE PUBL LTD | Published : 2006

Abstract

Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) are implicated in the aberrant cell growth and pathological neovascularization that characterises proliferative diabetic retinopathy. While serum levels of IGF-I are reported to be either high or low in diabetic patients, there is evidence that local tissue levels of IGF-I may be more relevant to diabetic retinal pathology. IGF-I and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP) are expressed throughout the retina in vascular, neuronal and glial cells, and are altered in response to hyperglycaemia and hypoxia. Further support for a pathological role for local IGF-I comes from studies showing IGF-I to be increased in the vitreal fluids of patients w..

View full abstract