Journal article

Hippocampal and amygdala volumes according to psychosis stage and diagnosis - A magnetic resonance imaging study of chronic schizophrenia, first-episode psychosis, and ultra-high-risk individuals

D Velakoulis, SJ Wood, MTH Wong, PD McGorry, A Yung, L Phillips, D Smith, W Brewer, T Proffitt, P Desmond, C Pantelis

Archives of General Psychiatry | AMER MEDICAL ASSOC | Published : 2006

Abstract

CONTEXT: Magnetic resonance imaging studies have identified hippocampal volume reductions in schizophrenia and amygdala volume enlargements in bipolar disorder, suggesting different medial temporal lobe abnormalities in these conditions. These studies have been limited by small samples and the absence of patients early in the course of illness. OBJECTIVE: To investigate hippocampal and amygdala volumes in a large sample of patients with chronic schizophrenia, patients with first-episode psychosis, and patients at ultra-high risk for psychosis compared with control subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison between patient groups and controls. SETTING: Individuals with chronic schizophrenia..

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