Journal article

Maternal syphilis infection is associated with increased risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Malawi

Victor Mwapasa, Stephen J Rogerson, Jesse J Kwiek, Paul E Wilson, Danny Milner, Malcolm E Molyneux, Deborah D Kamwendo, Eyob Tadesse, Ebbie Chaluluka, Steven R Meshnick



OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between maternal syphilis and HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Pregnant women admitted at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (Malawi) in late third trimester were screened for HIV (by HIV rapid tests) and syphilis (by rapid plasma regain test and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay). HIV-infected women and their infants received nevirapine, according to the HIVNET 012 protocol. They were followed up at 6 and 12 weeks postpartum. Infant HIV infection was diagnosed by DNA PCR. FINDINGS: Of the 1155 HIV-infected women enrolled, 1147 had syphilis test results, of whom 92 (8.0%) were infected. Only 751 ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers