Journal article

Airway remodelling in asthma: Current understanding and implications for future therapies

Mimi LK Tang, John W Wilson, Alastair G Stewart, Simon G Royce

PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2006

Abstract

Airway remodelling refers to the structural changes that occur in the airway wall in asthma. These include epithelial hyperplasia and metaplasia, subepithelial fibrosis, muscle cell hyperplasia and angiogenesis. These structural changes result in thickening of the airway wall, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), and a progressive irreversible loss of lung function. The precise sequence of events that take place during the remodelling process and the mechanisms regulating these changes remain poorly understood. It is thought that airway remodelling is initiated and promoted by repeated episodes of allergic inflammation that damage the surface epithelium of the airway. However, other mechanisms ..

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