Journal article

The effects of caudal local anesthesia blockade on the Bispectral Index during general anesthesia in children

Andrew J Davidson, Craig M Ironfield, Adam V Skinner, Geoff P Frawley



BACKGROUND: Peripheral deafferentation induced by epidural or spinal anesthesia reduces the degree of cortical arousal in adults. This study aimed at determining if caudal blockade decreases the level of arousal, as measured by Bispectral Index (BIS) in unstimulated children, and to determine if this effect differed between age groups. METHODS: Hospital ethics committee approval and parental consent was obtained. Children (age between 24 months and 5 years) and infants (between 6 and 24 months of age) were recruited if they were scheduled for below umbilical surgery that would usually require caudal local anesthesia blockade. Before the procedure, subjects within each age group were randomiz..

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