Journal article

Passive acoustic determination of wave-breaking events and their severity across the spectrum

Richard Manasseh, Alexander V Babanin, Cameron Forbes, Kate Rickards, Irena Bobevski, Andrew Ooi

JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY | AMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2006

Abstract

A passive acoustic method of detecting breaking waves of different scales has been developed. The method also showed promise for measuring breaking severity. Sounds were measured by a subsurface hydrophone in various wind and wave states. A video record of the surface was made simultaneously. Individual sound pulses corresponding to the many individual bubble formations during wave-breaking events typically last only a few tens of milliseconds. Each time a soundlevel threshold was exceeded, the acoustic signal was captured over a brief window typical of a bubble formation pulse, registering one count. Each pulse was also analyzed to determine the likely bubble size generating the pulse. Usin..

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