Journal article

Intellectual outcomes in children and adolescents with syndromic and nonsyndromic craniosynostosis

Annette C Da Costa, Izabela Walters, Ravi Savarirayan, Vicki A Anderson, Jacquie A Wrennall, John G Meara

PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2006

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of the skull bones, is a congenital deformity that has functional and morphologic implications. Cranial vault reconstructive surgery is required to improve skull shape and increase intracranial volume. Craniosynostosis disorders carry a risk of brain insult and associated neurologic and cognitive dysfunction. This study investigated the long-term effects of craniosynostosis on intelligence in children and adolescents with syndromic and nonsyndromic disorders who had undergone cranial expansion surgery during infancy. METHODS: Global intellectual evaluations were obtained on 31 children aged 7 to 16 years with mixed syndromic (n = 13) and non..

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