Journal article

Body size and composition and risk of rectal cancer (Australia)

Robert J MacInnis, Dallas R English, Andrew M Haydon, John L Hopper, Dorota M Gertig, Graham G Giles

CANCER CAUSES & CONTROL | SPRINGER | Published : 2006

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although body mass index has been shown to be associated with colon cancer, studies of rectal cancer risk have generally reported no association. The relationship between rectal cancer risk and central adiposity, overall fat mass, and fat-free mass is unknown. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study of people aged 27-75 years, body measurements were taken directly; fat mass and fat-free mass being estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis and central adiposity by waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio. Among 16,867 men and 24,247 women followed on average for 10.3 years, 229 rectal cancers were ascertained via the population cancer registry. RESULTS: When comparing the hig..

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