Book Chapter

Basis of electrical stimulation of the cochlea and the cochlear nucleus.

Robert K Shepherd, Douglas B McCreery

Advances in oto-rhino-laryngology | Published : 2006

Abstract

Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common form of deafness in humans. In patients with a severe-profound sensorineural hearing loss therapeutic intervention can only be achieved by direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve via a cochlear implant, or - in cases where a cochlear implant is not a surgical option - neurons within the central auditory pathway via an auditory brainstem implant. This paper reviews the basis of electrical stimulation of these structures with an emphasis on pathophysiology and safety.

University of Melbourne Researchers