Journal article

Explaining Socioeconomic Inequalities in Student Achievement: The role of home and school factors

G MARKS, J Cresswell, J Ainley

Educational Research and Evaluation | Taylor and Francis | Published : 2006


This paper examines the extent that material, social, and cultural resources and schools account for the relationship between socioeconomic background and student achievement among 15-year-olds in 30 countries. Generally, cultural factors play a more important role in most countries although in a small minority of countries, material resources have a substantial impact. Most often, social resources have little impact. In many countries, educational differentiation-that is, school tracks and school types, and curriculum tracking within schools-mediates the relationship between socioeconomic background and student achievement. Countries with highly tracked systems tend to show stronger relatio..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers