Journal article

Differentiation of the gastric mucosa IV. Role of trefoil peptides and IL-6 cytokine family signaling in gastric homeostasis

AS Giraud, C Jackson, TR Menheniott, LM Judd

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-GASTROINTESTINAL AND LIVER PHYSIOLOGY | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2007

Abstract

Gastric trefoil peptides mediate mucosal repair by stimulating cell migration, inhibiting apoptosis and inflammation, and likely augmenting the barrier function of mucus. One of these, tff1, is a gastric-specific tumor suppressor gene, which when repressed is associated with gastric cancer progression. IL-6 family cytokines play an important role in maintaining gastric homeostasis by regulating tff1 and other mediators of mucosal proliferation, inflammation, angiogenesis, and apoptosis. In this review the signaling cascades downstream of the common IL-6 cytokine family coreceptor gp130 that contribute to control of this homeostasis are described, as are the pathological outcomes of imbalanci..

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