Sphingosine-1-phosphate induces proliferation of astrocytes: regulation by intracellular signalling cascades.
A Pébay, M Toutant, J Prémont, CF Calvo, L Venance, J Cordier, J Glowinski, M Tencé
Eur J Neurosci | Published : 2001
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a potent lysophospholipid mediator mostly released by activated platelets. It is involved in several functions in peripheral tissues, but its effects in the central nervous system are poorly documented. Therefore, we have examined the effects of S1P on the proliferation of striatal astrocytes from the mouse embryo. These cells have been found to express mRNAs for the S1P receptors, Edg-1 and Edg-3. S1P stimulated thymidine incorporation and induced activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (Erks). Both effects were prevented by U0126, an Erk kinase inhibitor. The S1P-evoked activation of Erk1 was totally blocked in astrocytes pretreated with a comb..View full abstract