Journal article

Beyond national states, markets, and systems of higher education: A glonacal agency heuristic

S Marginson, G Rhoades

Higher Education | SPRINGER | Published : 2002


This paper offers an overarching analytical heuristic that takes us beyond current research, anchored in conceptions of national states, markets, and systems of higher education institutions. We seek to shape comparative higher education research with regard to globalization in much the same way that Clark's (1983) "triangle" heuristic has framed comparative higher education research in the study of national policies and higher education systems. Our "glonacal agency heuristic" points to three intersecting planes of existence, emphasizing the simultaneous significance of global, national, and local dimensions and forces. It combines the meaning of "agency" as an established organization with..

View full abstract