Journal article

Memory complaints as a precursor of memory impairment in older people: a longitudinal analysis over 7-8 years

AF Jorm, H Christensen, AE Korten, PA Jacomb, AS Henderson

PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2001

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is considerable dispute about the validity of memory complaints. While some studies find that complaints are an early indicator of dementia or cognitive decline, there are also many studies showing that complaints are more closely associated with negative affect (depression, anxiety and neuroticism). The present paper used three-wave longitudinal data to test three hypotheses: (1) that memory complaints reflect an evaluation of present and past memory performance; (2) that memory complaints predict future memory performance; and (3) that memory complaints predict current and future negative affect. METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out with a community sample of peo..

View full abstract