Journal article

Age is no kinder to the better educated: absence of an association investigated using latent growth techniques in a community sample

H Christensen, SM Hofer, AJ MacKinnon, AE Korten, AF Jorm, AS Henderson

PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2001

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Higher education has been posited to protect against cognitive decline, either because the rate of decline is slower in the more highly educated or the start of decline is delayed. Latent growth models provide improved methodology to examine this issue. METHODS: The sample consisted of 887 participants aged 70-93 years in 1991 and followed up in 1994 and 1998. Latent growth models and standard regression techniques were used to examine the rate of cognitive decline in four cognitive measures while controlling for health status and sex. A delayed start model was examined by incorporating interaction effects in a regression model. RESULTS: Neither the latent growth models nor the r..

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