Gene gun immunization in a preclinical model is enhanced by B7 targeting
M Tachedjian, JS Boyle, AM Lew, B Horvatic, JPY Scheerlinck, JM Tennent, ME Andrew
VACCINE | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2003
DNA vaccines have great potential but despite the promise shown in rodent models, responses in large animals, including humans, have been disappointing. Furthermore, gene gun delivery of DNA has been used to improve these responses. However, most cells that are transfected are not the professional antigen presenting cells (APC) which are critical for generating the primary immune response. Here, we show that in the large animal model of the pig, the combination of the use of gene gun delivery and a DNA vector that targets antigen presenting cells by expressing a CTLA4-ovalbumin (OVA) fusion antigen, leads to enhanced ovalbumin specific serum IgG, IgA, IgG1 and IgG2 immune responses.