Journal article

Channelopathies in idiopathic epilepsy

Sarah E Heron, Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel F Berkovic, Leanne M Dibbens, John C Mulley



Approximately 70% of all patients with epilepsy lack an obvious extraneous cause and are presumed to have a predominantly genetic basis. Both familial and de novo mutations in neuronal voltage-gated and ligand-gated ion channel subunit genes have been identified in autosomal dominant epilepsies. However, patients with dominant familial mutations are rare and the majority of idiopathic epilepsy is likely to be the result of polygenic susceptibility alleles (complex epilepsy). Data on the identity of the genes involved in complex epilepsy is currently sparse but again points to neuronal ion channels. The number of genes and gene families associated with epilepsy is rapidly increasing and this ..

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