Journal article

Glutathione peroxidase-1 contributes to the protection of glutamine synthetase in astrocytes during oxidative stress

T Knorpp, SR Robinson, PJ Crack, R Dringen

JOURNAL OF NEURAL TRANSMISSION | SPRINGER WIEN | Published : 2006

Abstract

Glutamine synthetase (GS) is an astrocytic enzyme that is essential for the glutamate-glutamine cycle between neurons and astrocytes. To measure the effects of oxidative stress on the activity of GS in astrocytes, astrocyte-rich primary cultures from the brains of wild-type and glutathione peroxidase-1 deficient mice (GPx1(-/-)) were exposed to a chronic hydrogen peroxide-generating system consisting of xanthine oxidase, hypoxanthine and superoxide dismutase. The specific activity of GS was strongly diminished by chronic exposure to hydrogen peroxide in astrocytes cultured from both mouse lines. After 60 min of oxidative stress in the presence of 5 mU/mL, 10 mU/mL and 20 mU/mL of xanthine ox..

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University of Melbourne Researchers