Journal article

Actinobacillus sp bacteremia in foals: Clinical signs and prognosis

AJ Stewart, KW Hinchcliff, WJA Saville, E Jose-Cunilleras, J Hardy, CW Kohn, SM Reed, JJ Kowalski

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE | AMER COLL VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE | Published : 2002

Abstract

Medical records of 101 blood culture-confirmed bacteremic foals were reviewed to determine whether foals with Actinobacillus sp. bacteremia are affected at an earlier age, have more severe signs of disease, and have a worse prognosis than do foals with bacteremia of other causes. Thirty percent (30/101) of bacteremic foals had Actinobacillus sp. cultured, and these were 2 times more likely to die (crude odds ratio [OR(CR)] 0.8, 4; P = .14), with a survival rate of 43% (13/30) compared to the overall survival rate of 55% (56/101). When compared to other bacteremic foals, foals with actinobacillosis were 7 times more likely to have been sick from birth (adjusted odds ratio [OR(ADJ)] 2, 26; P =..

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