Journal article

Vaccinia virus interleukin-18-binding protein promotes virulence by reducing gamma interferon production and natural killer and T-Cell activity

PC Reading, GL Smith

JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2003

Abstract

Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine that promotes natural killer (NK) and T-cell activation. Several poxviruses, including vaccinia virus (VV), encode a soluble IL-18-binding protein (IL-18bp). The role of the VV IL-18bp (gene C12L) in vivo was studied with wild-type (vC12L), deletion mutant (vDeltaC12L), and revertant (vC12L-rev) viruses in a murine intranasal model of infection. The data show that vDeltaC12L was markedly attenuated, characterized by a mild weight loss and reduced virus titers in lungs, brain, and spleen. Three days after infection, NK cytotoxic activity was augmented in the lung, spleen, and mediastinal lymph nodes (MLNs) of vDeltaC12L-infected mice compar..

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University of Melbourne Researchers