Journal article

An examination of the effect of heterogeneity on the estimation of population size using capture-recapture data

WH Hwang, R Huggins

BIOMETRIKA | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2005

Abstract

Part of the folklore of capture-recapture experiments is that ignoring heterogeneity of capture probabilities results in a downward bias. This has been based on experience and simulation studies but is often interpreted as being due to individuals with lower capture probabilities. Here estimating equation arguments are used to show that the effect on Horvitz-Thompson-type estimators of ignoring heterogeneity in capture-recapture experiments is to introduce a downward bias. The arguments are extended to continuous-time experiments and to an influence function constructed to determine the effect of a small number of individuals with heterogeneous capture probabilities in an otherwise homogeneo..

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University of Melbourne Researchers